Experts from around the globe look at protecting secrets while maintaining liberties


Who's Watching the Spies?

Establishing Intelligence Service Accountability

272 pages; 6" x 9"

$25.00   $20.00
Available: July 2005
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Given recent experiences with terrorism, clearly even the most democratic societies have a legitimate need for secrecy. This secrecy has often been abused, however, and strong oversight systems are necessary to protect individual liberties.

The assembled authors, each well known in the international community of national security scholars, bring together in one volume the rich experience of three decades of experimentation in intelligence accountability. Using a structured approach, they examine the strengths and weaknesses of the intelligence systems of Argentina, Canada, Germany, Norway, Poland, South Africa, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States. While these democracies have experimented with methods to make intelligence more accountable, they all have different political systems, political cultures, legal systems, and democratic traditions, thereby presenting an exceptional opportunity to examine how intelligence accountability evolves under disparate circumstances. The contributors draw together the best practices into a framework for successful approaches to intelligence accountability, including a prescription for a model law.

About the Author(s)/Editor(s)

Hans Born, Ph.D., is a fellow at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces and publishes frequently on democracy and security issues. He lives in Geneva, Switzerland.

Loch K. Johnson, Ph.D., is the Regents Professor of political science at the University of Georgia. He lives in Athens, Georgia.

Ian Leigh, L.L.M., is a professor of law and the co-director of the Human Rights Centre at the University of Durham. He lives in Durham, England.


“…an excellent starting place—and perhaps that is all that is needed, or wanted, in a field as new as intelligence ethics.”
Defense Intelligence Journal, Volume 16, Number 2, 2007

"[A] valuable contribution to the subject literature."